By Payson D. Sheets
Scientists have lengthy speculated at the influence of utmost typical catastrophes on human societies. Archeology and Volcanism in important the US offers dramatic proof of the consequences of numerous volcanic failures on an immense civilization of the Western Hemisphere, that of the Maya.
During the prior 2,000 years, 4 volcanic eruptions have taken position within the Zapotitán Valley of southern El Salvador. One, the devastating eruption of Ilopango round A.D. three hundred, compelled a big migration, pushing the Mayan humans north to the Yucatán Peninsula. even supposing later eruptions didn't have long-range implications for cultural swap, one of many next eruptions preserved the Cerén site—a Mesoamerican Pompeii the place the our bodies of the villagers, the palm-thatched roofs in their homes, the pots of nutrients of their pantries, even the corn crops of their fields have been preserved with striking fidelity.
Throughout 1978, a multidisciplinary staff of anthropologists, archeologists, geologists, biologists, and others backed by way of the collage of Colorado's Protoclassic venture researched and excavated the result of volcanism within the Zapotitan Valley—a key Mesoamerican web site that modern political strife has on the grounds that rendered inaccessible.
The result's an excellent contribution to our knowing of the effect of volcanic eruptions on early Mayan civilization. those investigations in actual fact display that the Maya inhabited this volcanically unsafe valley that allows you to obtain the temporary merits that the volcanic ash produced—fertile soil, high-quality clays, and obsidian deposits.
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Archeology and Volcanism in Central America: The Zapotitán Valley of El Salvador (Texas Pan American Series) by Payson D. Sheets